28: Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction

Entry into force: 1-XII-1983

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Last update: 14-XI-2022
Number of Contracting Parties to this Convention: 103
The expression “Contracting Party” covers both cases in which the Convention has, and cases in which the Convention has not yet, entered into force for that Party following the deposit of its instrument of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval (see column EIF in the chart).

Contracting Parties and Signatories to this Convention that are also Members of the HCCH (i.e., the Organisation) are in bold; Contracting Parties and Signatories that are not Members of the HCCH are in italics.

Contracting Party S 1 R/A/S2 Type3 EIF4 EXT5 Auth6 Res/D/N/DC7
Albania 4-V-2007 A* 1-VIII-2007 1 Res 26
Andorra 6-IV-2011 A* 1-VII-2011 1 Res 24,26
Argentina 28-I-1991 19-III-1991 R 1-VI-1991 1 D
Armenia 1-III-2007 A* 1-VI-2007 1 Res 24,26
Australia 29-X-1986 29-X-1986 R 1-I-1987 1 D
Austria 12-V-1987 14-VII-1988 R 1-X-1988 1 D
Bahamas 1-X-1993 A* 1-I-1994 1
Barbados 11-VII-2019 A* 1-X-2019 1
Belarus 12-I-1998 A* 1-IV-1998 1 Res 26
Belgium 11-I-1982 9-II-1999 R 1-V-1999 1
Belize 22-VI-1989 A* 1-IX-1989 1 Res 24,26
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 13-VII-2016 A* 1-X-2016 1 D,Res 24,26
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23-VIII-1993 Su 6-III-1992 1
Botswana 14-XI-2022 A* 1-II-2023 1
Brazil 19-X-1999 A* 1-I-2000 1 Res 24
Bulgaria 20-V-2003 A* 1-VIII-2003 1 Res 26,42
Burkina Faso 25-V-1992 A* 1-VIII-1992 1
Cabo Verde 4-X-2022 A* 1-I-2023 1
Canada 25-X-1980 2-VI-1983 R 1-XII-1983 13 1 D,Res 6,26,40,42
Chile 23-II-1994 A* 1-V-1994 1 D 3
China C 2 D,N 26
Colombia 13-XII-1995 A* 1-III-1996 1
Costa Rica 9-XI-1998 A* 1-II-1999 1
Croatia 23-IV-1993 Su 1-XII-1991 1
Cuba 12-IX-2018 A* 1-XII-2018 1
Cyprus 4-XI-1994 A* 1-II-1995 1
Czech Republic 28-XII-1992 15-XII-1997 R 1-III-1998 1 Res 26
Denmark 17-IV-1991 17-IV-1991 R 1-VII-1991 1 1 D,Res 6,24,26,39,42
Dominican Republic 11-VIII-2004 A* 1-XI-2004 1
Ecuador 22-I-1992 A* 1-IV-1992 1
El Salvador 5-II-2001 A* 1-V-2001 1 D,Res 3,26
Estonia 18-IV-2001 A* 1-VII-2001 1 D,Res 24,26
Fiji 16-III-1999 A* 1-VI-1999 1
Finland 25-V-1994 25-V-1994 R 1-VIII-1994 1 D,Res 24,26
France 25-X-1980 16-IX-1982 R 1-XII-1983 1 Res,D 24,26,39
Gabon 6-XII-2010 A* 1-III-2011
Georgia 24-VII-1997 A* 1-X-1997 1
Germany 9-IX-1987 27-IX-1990 R 1-XII-1990 1 D,Res 24,26
Greece 25-X-1980 19-III-1993 R 1-VI-1993 1 Res 24,26
Guatemala 6-II-2002 A* 1-V-2002 1 Res 24,26
Guinea 7-XI-2011 A* 1-II-2012 1
Guyana 5-II-2019 A* 1-V-2019 1
Honduras 20-XII-1993 A* 1-III-1994 1 Res 26
Hungary 7-IV-1986 A* 1-VII-1986 1
Iceland 14-VIII-1996 A* 1-XI-1996 1 Res 24,26
Iraq 21-III-2014 A* 1-VI-2014
Ireland 23-V-1990 16-VII-1991 R 1-X-1991 1
Israel 4-IX-1991 4-IX-1991 R 1-XII-1991 1 Res 26
Italy 2-III-1987 22-II-1995 R 1-V-1995 1
Jamaica 24-II-2017 A* 1-V-2017 1 Res 26, 42
Japan 24-I-2014 24-I-2014 R 1-IV-2014 1 Res 24,26
Kazakhstan 3-VI-2013 A* 1-IX-2013 1 Res 26
Latvia 15-XI-2001 A* 1-II-2002 1 D,Res 24
Lesotho 18-VI-2012 A* 1-IX-2012 1
Lithuania 5-VI-2002 A* 1-IX-2002 1 D,Res 24,26
Luxembourg 18-XII-1984 8-X-1986 R 1-I-1987 1 Res 26
Malta 26-X-1999 A* 1-I-2000 1
Mauritius 23-III-1993 A* 1-VI-1993 1 Res 26
Mexico 20-VI-1991 A* 1-IX-1991 1
Monaco 12-XI-1992 A* 1-II-1993 1 Res 26
Montenegro 1-III-2007 Su 3-VI-2006 1
Morocco 9-III-2010 A* 1-VI-2010 1
Netherlands 11-IX-1987 12-VI-1990 R 1-IX-1990 2 1 D,Res 26
New Zealand 31-V-1991 A* 1-VIII-1991 1 Res 24,26
Nicaragua 14-XII-2000 A* 1-III-2001 1
North Macedonia 20-IX-1993 Su 1-XII-1991 1
Norway 9-I-1989 9-I-1989 R 1-IV-1989 1 Res 24,26
Pakistan 22-XII-2016 A* 1-III-2017 1 Res 24, 26
Panama 2-II-1994 A* 1-V-1994 1 Res 26
Paraguay 13-V-1998 A* 1-VIII-1998 1
Peru 28-V-2001 A* 1-VIII-2001 1
Philippines 16-III-2016 A* 1-VI-2016 1 D
Poland 10-VIII-1992 A* 1-XI-1992 1 D,Res 26
Portugal 22-VI-1982 29-IX-1983 R 1-XII-1983 1 D
Republic of Korea 13-XII-2012 A* 1-III-2013 1 D,Res 24,26,42
Republic of Moldova 10-IV-1998 A* 1-VII-1998 1 Res 26
Romania 20-XI-1992 A* 1-II-1993 1 D
Russian Federation 28-VII-2011 A* 1-X-2011 1 D,Res 26, 45
Saint Kitts and Nevis 31-V-1994 A* 1-VIII-1994 1 Res 26
San Marino 14-XII-2006 A* 1-III-2007 1 D 26
Serbia 29-IV-2001 Su 27-IV-1992 1
Seychelles 27-V-2008 A* 1-VIII-2008 1
Singapore 28-XII-2010 A* 1-III-2011 1 Res 24,26
Slovakia 28-XII-1992 7-XI-2000 R 1-II-2001 1 Res 26
Slovenia 22-III-1994 A* 1-VI-1994 1
South Africa 8-VII-1997 A* 1-X-1997 1 Res 24,26
Spain 7-II-1986 16-VI-1987 R 1-IX-1987 1
Sri Lanka 28-IX-2001 A* 1-XII-2001 1 Res 24,26
Sweden 22-III-1989 22-III-1989 R 1-VI-1989 1 Res 26
Switzerland 25-X-1980 11-X-1983 R 1-I-1984 1
Thailand 14-VIII-2002 A* 1-XI-2002 1 Res 24
Trinidad and Tobago 7-VI-2000 A* 1-IX-2000 1
Tunisia 10-VII-2017 A* 1-X-2017 1 Res 24, 26
Türkiye 21-I-1998 31-V-2000 R 1-VIII-2000 1 Res 26
Turkmenistan 29-XII-1997 A* 1-III-1998 1
Ukraine 2-VI-2006 A* 1-IX-2006 1 D
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 19-XI-1984 20-V-1986 R 1-VIII-1986 7 1 N,Res 26,39
United States of America 23-XII-1981 29-IV-1988 R 1-VII-1988 1 Res 24,26
Uruguay 16-XI-1999 A* 1-II-2000 1
Uzbekistan 31-V-1999 A* 1-VIII-1999 1 Res 26
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 16-X-1996 16-X-1996 R 1-I-1997 1 Res 26
Zambia 26-VIII-2014 A* 1-XI-2014 1
Zimbabwe 4-IV-1995 A* 1-VII-1995 1 Res 26

1) S = Signature
2) R/A/Su = Ratification, Accession or Succession
3) Type = R: Ratification;

A: Accession;
A*: Accession giving rise to an acceptance procedure; click on A* for details of acceptances of the accession;
AEU: Accession by the European Union
AEU*: State bound as a result of the accession by the European Union
A**: Objection
C: Continuation;
Su: Succession;
Den: Denunciation;

4) EIF = Entry into force
5) EXT = Extensions of application
6) Authorities per Convention = Designation of Authorities
7) Res/D/N/DC = Reservations, declarations, notifications or depositary communications