34: Convention of 19 October 1996 on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children

Entry into force: 1-I-2002

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Last update: 18-X-2022
Number of Contracting Parties to this Convention: 54
The expression “Contracting Party” covers both cases in which the Convention has, and cases in which the Convention has not yet, entered into force for that Party following the deposit of its instrument of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval (see column EIF in the chart).

Contracting Parties and Signatories to this Convention that are also Members of the HCCH (i.e., the Organisation) are in bold; Contracting Parties and Signatories that are not Members of the HCCH are in italics.

Contracting Party S 1 R/A/S2 Type3 EIF4 EXT5 Auth6 Res/D/N/DC7
Albania 18-V-2006 A 1-IV-2007 1 D,Res 34,55
Argentina 11-VI-2015
Armenia 1-III-2007 A 1-V-2008 1 D,Res 34,54,55
Australia 1-IV-2003 29-IV-2003 R 1-VIII-2003 2
Austria 1-IV-2003 22-XII-2010 R 1-IV-2011 1 D 23,26,52,54
Barbados 11-VII-2019 A 1-V-2020 1
Belgium 1-IV-2003 28-V-2014 R 1-IX-2014 1 D 23,26,34,44,52
Bulgaria 8-III-2006 A 1-II-2007 1 D,N,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Cabo Verde 4-X-2022 A 1-VIII-2023 1
Canada 23-V-2017
Costa Rica 29-IX-2020 A 1-VIII-2021 1
Croatia 30-X-2008 4-IX-2009 R 1-I-2010 2 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Cuba 20-II-2017 A 1-XII-2017 1 D 63
Cyprus 14-X-2003 21-VII-2010 R 1-XI-2010 1 D,Res 23,26,34,52,54,55
Czech Republic 4-III-1999 13-III-2000 R 1-I-2002 2 D,N 23,26,34,52
Denmark 1-IV-2003 30-VI-2011 R 1-X-2011 1 1 D 23,26,29,34,52,54,60
Dominican Republic 14-XII-2009 A 1-X-2010 1
Ecuador 5-XI-2002 A 1-IX-2003 1
Estonia 6-VIII-2002 A 1-VI-2003 1 D,Res 34,54
Fiji 5-VI-2018 A 1-IV-2019 1 Res
Finland 1-IV-2003 19-XI-2010 R 1-III-2011 1 D 23,26,52
France 1-IV-2003 15-X-2010 R 1-II-2011 1 D 23,26,34,52
Georgia 1-IV-2014 A 1-III-2015 1 D,Res 34,44,54,60
Germany 1-IV-2003 17-IX-2010 R 1-I-2011 2 D,Res 23,26,52,54
Greece 1-IV-2003 7-II-2012 R 1-VI-2012 1 D 23,26,34,52
Guyana 5-II-2019 A 1-XII-2019 1
Honduras 16-X-2017 A 1-VIII-2018 1
Hungary 4-VII-2005 13-I-2006 R 1-V-2006 1 D 23,26,34,52,54,55
Ireland 1-IV-2003 30-IX-2010 R 1-I-2011 1 D 23,26,34,52
Italy 1-IV-2003 30-IX-2015 R 1-I-2016 2 D,Res 23,26,34,44,52,55,60
Latvia 15-V-2002 12-XII-2002 R 1-IV-2003 2 D,Res 34,52,54,55
Lesotho 18-VI-2012 A 1-VI-2013 1
Lithuania 29-X-2003 A 1-IX-2004 3 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Luxembourg 1-IV-2003 5-VIII-2010 R 1-XII-2010 1 D 23,26,52
Malta 24-II-2011 A 1-I-2012 1 D,Res 34,54,55,60
Monaco 14-V-1997 14-V-1997 R 1-I-2002 1
Montenegro 14-II-2012 A 1-I-2013 2 D 34,55
Morocco 19-X-1996 22-VIII-2002 R 1-XII-2002 1
Netherlands 1-IX-1997 31-I-2011 R 1-V-2011 2 1 D 6,23,26,52
Nicaragua 27-II-2019 A 1-XII-2019 1 Res,DC Arts 2-4
North Macedonia 9-XII-2019
Norway 30-IV-2016 30-IV-2016 R 1-VII-2016 1 D
Paraguay 12-IX-2018 A 1-VII-2019 1
Poland 22-XI-2000 27-VII-2010 R 1-XI-2010 1 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Portugal 1-IV-2003 14-IV-2011 R 1-VIII-2011 1 D 23,26,52
Romania 15-XI-2006 8-IX-2010 R 1-I-2011 3 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Russian Federation 20-VIII-2012 A 1-VI-2013 1 D,Res 34,54,55,60, 63
Serbia 15-I-2016 A 1-XI-2016 1 D,Res
Slovakia 1-VI-1999 21-IX-2001 R 1-I-2002 3 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Slovenia 13-V-2004 11-X-2004 R 1-II-2005 1 D 23,26,34,52
Spain 1-IV-2003 6-IX-2010 R 1-I-2011 1 D,Res 23,26,34,52,55
Sweden 1-IV-2003 26-IX-2012 R 1-I-2013 1 D,Res 23,26,52,54,60
Switzerland 1-IV-2003 27-III-2009 R 1-VII-2009 1 Res 55
Türkiye 7-X-2016 7-X-2016 R 1-II-2017 1 D,Res 34, 54, 55, 60
Ukraine 3-IV-2007 A 1-II-2008 1 D,Res 34,55
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1-IV-2003 27-VII-2012 R 1-XI-2012 1 1 D,Res 23,26,34,52,54
United States of America 22-X-2010
Uruguay 17-XI-2009 17-XI-2009 R 1-III-2010 1

1) S = Signature
2) R/A/Su = Ratification, Accession or Succession
3) Type = R: Ratification;

A: Accession;
A*: Accession giving rise to an acceptance procedure; click on A* for details of acceptances of the accession;
AEU: Accession by the European Union
AEU*: State bound as a result of the accession by the European Union
A**: Objection
C: Continuation;
Su: Succession;
Den: Denunciation;

4) EIF = Entry into force
5) EXT = Extensions of application
6) Authorities per Convention = Designation of Authorities
7) Res/D/N/DC = Reservations, declarations, notifications or depositary communications