39: Protocol of 23 November 2007 on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations

Entry into force: 1-VIII-2013


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Last update: 29-VIII-2022
Number of Contracting Parties, incl. REIOs and States bound as a result of approval
by an REIO: 32
The expression “Contracting Party” covers both, cases in which the Convention has, and cases in which the Convention has not yet, entered into force for that Party, incl. an REIO, following the deposit of its instrument of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval (see column EIF in the chart).


Contracting Parties (incl. REIOs and States bound by its approval) to this Convention [Protocol] that are also Members of the HCCH (i.e., the Organisation) are in bold; Contracting Parties that are not Members of the HCCH are in italics.

Contracting Party* S 1 R/A/Ap/Su2 Type3 EIF4 EXT5 Auth6 Res/D/N/DC7
Austria ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Belgium ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Brazil 17-VII-2017 17-VII-2017 R 1-XI-2017
Bulgaria ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Croatia ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Cyprus ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Czech Republic ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Ecuador 2-III-2022 2-III-2022 R 1-VII-2022
Estonia ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
European Union 8-IV-2010 8-IV-2010 ApEU 1-VIII-2013 D,N 24
Finland ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
France ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Germany ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Greece ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Hungary ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Ireland ApEU* 1-VIII-2013 N 9
Italy ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Kazakhstan 12-XII-2016 A 1-IV-2017
Latvia ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Lithuania ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Luxembourg ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Malta ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Netherlands ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
North Macedonia 9-XII-2019
Poland ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Portugal ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Romania ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Serbia 18-IV-2012 10-IV-2013 R 1-VIII-2013
Slovakia ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Slovenia ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Spain ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Sweden ApEU* 1-VIII-2013
Ukraine 21-III-2016 29-VIII-2022 R 1-XII-2022

* (incl. REIOs and States bound by its approval)


1) S = Signature
2) R/A/Su = Ratification, Accession or Succession
3) Type = R: Ratification;

A: Accession;
A*: Accession giving rise to an acceptance procedure; click on A* for details of acceptances of the accession;
AEU: Accession by the European Union
AEU*: State bound as a result of the accession by the European Union
ApEU: Approval by the European Union
ApEU*: Bound as a result of the approval by the European Union
C: Continuation;
Su: Succession;
Den: Denunciation;

4) EIF = Entry into force
5) EXT = Extensions of application
6) Authorities per Convention = Designation of Authorities
7) Res/D/N/DC = Reservations, declarations, notifications or depositary communications