Finland - Central Authority & practical information

Central Authority(ies):

Ministry of Justice

Contact details:
Address: Ministry of Justice
Postal address:
P.O. Box 25
FIN-00023 Government
Street address:
Eteläesplanadi 10
FIN-00130 Helsinki
Telephone: +358 (9) 1606 7628
Fax: +358 (9) 1606 7524
General website:
Contact person:  
Languages spoken by staff: Finnish, Swedish, English

Practical Information:
(The following information was provided by the relevant State authorities or was obtained from the replies to the Service Convention Questionnaires)

Forwarding authorities
(Art. 3(1)):
Ministry of Justice
Methods of service
(Art. 5(1)(2)):
Formal Service (Art. 5(1)(a))

When the court takes responsibility for service in a legal dispute, service takes place primarily by post. The letter may arrive either with advice of receipt to the post office or direct to the home, in which case the certificate of receipt in the envelope must be returned to the court. If it is likely that service of a writ of summons by post will not be successful, or if responsibility for service is given to a party, service will be performed by a bailiff.

The service of a trial document other than a writ of summons may also be carried out by sending the document as a normal letter to the post address or another address notified to the court by the interested party. This means that for example invitations, exhortations and notices may be served on a party to civil proceedings electronically, if the party in question has indicated such an address - an e-mail address or a fax number - to the court as the address for service.

Services of documents other than trial documents are performed by a process server at the request of an authority or a private individual.

See also (Service of notices - Finnish Courts)

Informal delivery (Art. 5(2))

Service by a particular method (Art. 5(1)(b))
Finland has not had such requests.

For more information on methods of service, see: European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters – Service of documents – Finland.

Translation requirements
(Art. 5(3)):
A translation is not required; however, if the addressee does not accept a document in a foreign language, service can only be effected if the document is translated into one of the official languages of Finland, i.e. Finnish or Swedish, or if the addressee must be deemed to understand the foreign language. Companies with international business relations must be deemed to understand English, German or French.
Costs relating to execution of the request for service
(Art. 12):
Finland applies the principle of non-payment of fees to all methods for service provided in Art. 5. Finland has never invoked Art. 12(2) of the Convention.

Finland has declared that its authorities are not obliged to assist in serving documents transmitted under Art. 10(b). In these cases the requesting person has to pay the national fee of 60 Euros.

For more information, see: Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters - Service of documents - Finland (question 8)).

Time for execution of request: The average time for the service of documents in Finland is about two weeks.
Judicial officers, officials or other competent persons
(Art. 10 (b))
Under Finnish legislation the only competent persons to effect service of a document are the process servers. They seldom receive requests from abroad under Art. 10(b). Finnish authorities are not obliged to assist in serving documents transmitted by using any of the methods referred to Art. 10(b) and (c) of the Convention.
Oppositions and declarations
(Art. 21(2)):
(Click here to read all the Finnish declarations made under the Service Convention.)
Art. 8(2): No opposition
Art. 10(a): No opposition
Art. 10(b): Additional information - see declarations
Art. 10(c): Additional information - see declarations
Art. 15(2): No declaration of applicability
Art. 16(3): No declaration of applicability
Derogatory channels (bilateral or multilateral agreements or internal law permitting other transmission channels)
(Arts. 11, 19, 24 and 25)

Information may not be complete or fully updated – please contact the relevant authorities to verify this information.

A multilateral convention on judicial co-operation was concluded between: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden on 26 April 1974.

Bilateral conventions on judicial co-operation: Austria (Vienna, 17 November 1986), Hungary (1981); Russian Federation (1980); United Kingdom (London, 11 August 1933 – Articles 2 to 5).

Council Regulation (EC) No 1393/2007 on the service in the Member States of judicial and extrajudicial documents in civil or commercial matters (Strasbourg, 13 November 2007).

(European Judicial Atlas - Service of Documents)

Useful links: (Service of documents - Ministry of Justice) (Decree on Mutual Assistance in Service of Documents in Civil Matters 211/1982)  (legal information - Finlex)

(This page was last updated on 21 July 2014)

Conventions (incl. Protocols and Principles)