Contracting Parties to this Convention that are also Members of the HCCH (i.e., the Organisation) are in bold; Contracting Parties that are not Members of the HCCH are in italics.

Contracting Party S 1 R/A/S2 Type3 EIF4 EXT5 Auth6 Res/D/N/DC7
Albania 25-X-2013 A 24-XII-2013 Res 10,12
Antigua and Barbuda 1-V-1985 Su 1-XI-1981
Armenia 1-III-2007 A 30-IV-2007 Res 10,12,13
Australia 22-IX-1986 A 21-XI-1986 D 17
Austria 5-X-1961 28-X-1963 R 5-I-1964 Res 12
Belgium 10-X-1968 20-X-1971 R 19-XII-1971 Res 10
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23-VIII-1993 Su 6-III-1992
Botswana 18-XI-1968 A 17-I-1969 Res 1,8
Brunei Darussalam 10-V-1988 A 9-VII-1988
China, People's Republic of C N
Croatia 23-IV-1993 Su 8-X-1991
Denmark 5-X-1961 21-VII-1976 R 19-IX-1976
Estonia 13-V-1998 A 12-VII-1998 Res
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) 23-XI-1970 A 22-I-1971 Res 9
Fiji 28-VI-1971 Su 10-X-1970 Res 9
Finland 13-III-1962 24-VI-1976 R 23-VIII-1976
France 9-X-1961 20-IX-1967 R 19-XI-1967 D,Res 10
Germany 5-X-1961 2-XI-1965 R 1-I-1966
Greece 5-X-1961 3-VI-1983 R 2-VIII-1983
Grenada 20-V-1985 Su 7-II-1974
Ireland 3-VIII-1967 A 2-X-1967
Israel 11-XI-1977 A 10-I-1978
Italy 15-XII-1961
Japan 30-I-1964 3-VI-1964 R 2-VIII-1964
Lesotho 1-VI-1977 Su 4-X-1966
Luxembourg 5-II-1968 7-XII-1978 R 5-II-1979 Res 1
Mauritius 24-VIII-1970 Su 12-III-1968
Montenegro 1-III-2007 Su 3-VI-2006
Netherlands 17-III-1980 2-VI-1982 R 1-VIII-1982 1 Res
Norway 5-X-1961 2-XI-1972 R 1-I-1973
Poland 3-IX-1969 A 2-XI-1969 D,Res 12
Portugal 29-IX-1967
Republic of Moldova 11-VIII-2011 A 10-X-2011 Res 9,10
Republic of North Macedonia 20-IX-1993 Su 17-XI-1991
Serbia 26-IV-2001 Su 27-IV-1992 D
Slovenia 8-VI-1992 Su 25-VI-1991
South Africa 5-X-1970 A 4-XII-1970 Res 9,10,12
Spain 21-X-1976 11-IV-1988 R 10-VI-1988
Sweden 5-X-1961 9-VII-1976 R 7-IX-1976
Switzerland 9-IX-1970 18-VIII-1971 R 17-X-1971 Res 10
Tonga 10-VIII-1978 Su 4-VI-1970 Res 9,10
Turkey 23-VIII-1983 A 22-X-1983 Res 9,10,12
Ukraine 15-III-2011 A 14-V-2011 Res 9,10,12
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13-II-1962 6-XI-1963 R 5-I-1964 10 D,Res 9

Type

Bosnia and Herzegovina Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964. On 23 August 1993, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared itself to be bound by the Convention.
No objection has been received from the Contracting States.

China, People's Republic of Type Continuation

This Convention applies to the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong only, as a result of an extension made by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. When Hong Kong was restored to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997, China declared that the Convention will continue to apply for Hong Kong.
Date of entry into force of the Convention for Hong Kong: 23 August 1968.

Declarations / notifications:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, depositary of the Convention, gave notice that on 16 June 1997, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands received a Note dated 11 June 1997 from the Ambassador of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at The Hague and a Note dated 3 June 1997 from the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China at The Hague concerning Hong Kong.

The Note from the Ambassador of the United Kingdom reads as follows:

«Your Excellency,
I am instructed by Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs to refer to the Convention on the Conflicts of Laws relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions done at The Hague on 5 October 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention) which applies to Hong Kong at present.
I am also instructed to state that, in accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984, the Government of the United Kingdom will restore Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China with effect from 1 July 1997. The Government of the United Kingdom will continue to have international responsibility for Hong Kong until that date. Therefore, from that date the Government of the United Kingdom will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Hong Kong.
I should be grateful if the contents of this Note could be placed formally on record and brought to the attention of the other Parties to the Convention.
(...)
(signed Rosemary Spencer)".

The Note from the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China reads as follows:

(Translation)
"Your Excellency,
In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984 (hereinafter referred to as the `Joint Declaration'), the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997. Hong Kong will, with effect from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.
It is provided both in Section XI of Annex I to the Joint Declaration, `Elaboration by the Government of the People's Republic of China of its Basic Policies Regarding Hong Kong', and Article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, which was adopted on 4 April 1990 by the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, that international agreements to which the People's Republic of China is not a Party but which are implemented in Hong Kong may continue to be implemented in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
In accordance with the above provisions, I am instructed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China to make the following notification:
The Convention on the Conflicts of Laws relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions done at The Hague on 5 October 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), by which the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is designated as the depositary, which applies to Hong Kong at present, will continue to apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with effect from 1 July 1997.
In accordance with Article 9 of the Convention, the Government of the People's Republic of China reserves the right, in derogation of paragraph 3 of Article 1 of the Convention, for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator has his domicile.
As far as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is concerned, in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention, the place where the testator has his domicile is determined in accordance with the lex fori.
Within the above ambit, responsibility for the international rights and obligations of a Party to the Convention will be assumed by the Government of the People's Republic of China.
It would be appreciated if the contents of this Note could be placed formally on record and brought to the attention of the other Parties to the Convention.
(...)
(signed Zhu Manli, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People's Republic of China to the Kingdom of the Netherlands)".

Croatia Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964. On 5 April 1993, the Republic of Croatia declared itself to be bound by the Convention.
No objection has been received from the Contracting States.

Lesotho Type Succession

On 16 December 1964, the Convention had been extended to Basutoland (now Lesotho) by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
By a Note dated 1 June 1977 the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands that it considers itself bound by the Convention. The date of entry into force is the date of independence of this State.

Montenegro Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964.
By letter received by the depositary on 26 April 2001, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (since 4 February 2003 called "Serbia and Montenegro") declared itself to be bound by the Convention. No objection has been received from the Contracting States.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, depositary of the Hague Conventions, has notified the Member States of the Hague Conference on 5 July 2006 that "Following the declaration of the state independence of Montenegro, and under the Article 60 of the Constitutional Charter of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, the Republic of Serbia is continuing international personality of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, which was confirmed also by the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia at its session held on 5 June 2006."On 1 March 2007 the Republic of Montenegro declared itself to be bound by the Convention: "... the Government of the Republic of Montenegro succeeds to the Convention on the conflicts of laws relating to the form of testamentary dispositions, concluded at The Hague on 5 October 1961, and takes faithfully to perform and carry out the stipulations therein contained as from 3 June 2006, the date upon which the Republic of Montenegro assumed responsibility for its international relations."

Republic of North Macedonia Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964. On 20 September 1993, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia declared itself to be bound by the Convention.

By letter dated 30 November 1993, the Ambassador of Greece to the Netherlands informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands that His Government does not recognize The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and consequently does not consider itself to be bound by the Conventions to which the latter is a Party.

No objection has been received from the other Contracting States.

Serbia Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964. By letter received by the depositary on 26 April 2001, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia declared itself to be bound by the Convention.
No objection has been received from the Contracting States.

Slovenia Type Succession

One of the successor States to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which became a Party to the Convention on 5 January 1964. On 8 June 1992 the Republic of Slovenia declared itself to be bound by the Convention.
No objection has been received from the Contracting States.


Res/D/N

Albania Articles Reservations

Pursuant to Article 10 of the Convention, the Republic of Albania declares that it shall not recognize testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by an Albanian national possessing no other nationality.

Pursuant to Article 12 of the Convention, the Republic of Albania reserves its right to exclude from the application of the present Convention any testamentary clauses which, under its laws, do not relate to matters of succession.

Armenia Articles Reservations

Pursuant to Article 10 of the Convention (...), the Republic of Armenia reserves its right not to recognise testamentary dispositions made orally by an Armenian national possessing no other nationality.
Pursuant to Article 12 of the Convention, the Republic of Armenia reserves its right to exclude from the application of the present Convention any testamentary clauses which, under its laws, do not relate to matters of succession.
Pursuant to Article 13 of the Convention, the Republic of Armenia reserves its right to apply the present Convention only to testamentary dispositions made after its entry into force.

Australia Articles Declarations

"...in accordance with Article 17 the Convention extends to the Australian States and mainland territories, and to the Coral Sea Islands Territory, the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and the Australian Antarctic Territory."

Austria Articles Reservations

With the reservation provided for in Article 12 of the Convention.

Belgium Articles Reservations

With the reservation provided for in Article 10 of the Convention.

Botswana Articles Reservations

"(a) the right in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1 to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile;
(b) the right, in derogation of Article 8, to apply the said Convention only to testamentary dispositions made after the 22nd September, 1967."

China, People's Republic of Articles Notifications

This Convention applies to the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong only, as a result of an extension made by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. When Hong Kong was restored to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997, China declared that the Convention will continue to apply for Hong Kong.
Date of entry into force of the Convention for Hong Kong: 23 August 1968.

Declarations / notifications:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, depositary of the Convention, gave notice that on 16 June 1997, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands received a Note dated 11 June 1997 from the Ambassador of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at The Hague and a Note dated 3 June 1997 from the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China at The Hague concerning Hong Kong.

The Note from the Ambassador of the United Kingdom reads as follows:

«Your Excellency,
I am instructed by Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs to refer to the Convention on the Conflicts of Laws relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions done at The Hague on 5 October 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention) which applies to Hong Kong at present.
I am also instructed to state that, in accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984, the Government of the United Kingdom will restore Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China with effect from 1 July 1997. The Government of the United Kingdom will continue to have international responsibility for Hong Kong until that date. Therefore, from that date the Government of the United Kingdom will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Hong Kong.
I should be grateful if the contents of this Note could be placed formally on record and brought to the attention of the other Parties to the Convention.
(...)
(signed Rosemary Spencer)".

The Note from the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China reads as follows:

(Translation)
"Your Excellency,
In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984 (hereinafter referred to as the `Joint Declaration'), the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997. Hong Kong will, with effect from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.
It is provided both in Section XI of Annex I to the Joint Declaration, `Elaboration by the Government of the People's Republic of China of its Basic Policies Regarding Hong Kong', and Article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, which was adopted on 4 April 1990 by the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, that international agreements to which the People's Republic of China is not a Party but which are implemented in Hong Kong may continue to be implemented in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
In accordance with the above provisions, I am instructed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China to make the following notification:
The Convention on the Conflicts of Laws relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions done at The Hague on 5 October 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), by which the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is designated as the depositary, which applies to Hong Kong at present, will continue to apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with effect from 1 July 1997.
In accordance with Article 9 of the Convention, the Government of the People's Republic of China reserves the right, in derogation of paragraph 3 of Article 1 of the Convention, for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator has his domicile.
As far as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is concerned, in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention, the place where the testator has his domicile is determined in accordance with the lex fori.
Within the above ambit, responsibility for the international rights and obligations of a Party to the Convention will be assumed by the Government of the People's Republic of China.
It would be appreciated if the contents of this Note could be placed formally on record and brought to the attention of the other Parties to the Convention.
(...)
(signed Zhu Manli, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People's Republic of China to the Kingdom of the Netherlands)".

Estonia Articles Reservations

"The Republic of Estonia shall not recognize testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by an Estonian national possessing no other nationality."

Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Articles Reservations

"The Government of the Kingdom of Swaziland, in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention, hereby reserves the right, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where a testator had his domicile."

Fiji Articles Reservations

Reservation made by the United Kingdom at the time of the extension of the Convention to Fiji and retained by Fiji:

"... in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention that, in respect of each of the above-named territories, the United Kingdom reserves the right, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1 of the Convention, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile."

France Articles Declarations Reservations

"Sous réserve, pour la France de ne pas reconnaître, en vertu de l'article 10 de la Convention, les dispositions testamentaires faites, en dehors de circonstances extraordinaires, en la forme orale par un de ses ressortissants n'ayant aucune autre nationalité.

En ratifiant cette Convention, le Président de la République Française, Président de la Communauté, déclare qu'elle s'applique à l'ensemble du territoire de la République Française, c'est-à-dire les Départements européens, les Départements d'Outre-Mer et les Territoires d'Outre-Mer."

Luxembourg Articles Reservations

(Translation)
The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg reserves the right
1) to determine, in derogation of Article 1, paragraph 3, of the Convention, the place where the testator had his domicile in accordance with the lex fori;
2) not to recognize testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by a national of Luxembourg possessing no other nationality;
3) to exclude from the application of the Convention any testamentary clauses which, under the law of Luxembourg, do not relate to matters of succession.

Netherlands Articles Reservations

(Translation)
Save in exceptional circumstances, testamentary dispositions made orally by Netherlands nationals who at that time possess no other nationality shall not be recognized in the Netherlands.

Poland Articles Declarations Reservations

With the reservation provided for in Article 12 of the Convention.

The instrument of accession was accompanied by a Note of 2 September 1969, with the following declaration:

"The Embassy of the Polish People's Republic presents its compliments to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and - referring to the Ministry's Note of December 3, 1968 forwarded to this Embassy together with a list of States Parties to the Convention on the Conflicts of Laws Relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions, signed at The Hague on October 5, 1961, which contains information on the German Federal Republic putting in force the provisions of this Convention for West Berlin - under instruction of its Government has the honour to communicate that the Government of the Polish People's Republic rejects the declaration by the German Federal Republic, as it is inconsistent with the international status of West Berlin which has never been and is not a constituent part of the German Federal Republic.
The Embassy would appreciate it if the Ministry would bring the communication of the Government of the Polish People's Republic to the knowledge of all signatory States to the said Convention."

Republic of Moldova Articles Reservations

According to Article 9 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile.
According to Article 10 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right not to recognise testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by one of its nationals possessing no other nationality.

Serbia Articles Declarations

... following the declaration of the state independence of Montenegro, and under the Article 60 of the Constitutional Charter of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, the Republic of Serbia is continuing international personality of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, which was confirmed also by the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia at its session held on 5 June 2006.

South Africa Articles Reservations

Subject to the reservations contemplated in Articles 9, 10 and 12 of the Convention.

Switzerland Articles Reservations

With the reservation provided for in Article 10 of the Convention.

Tonga Articles Reservations

Reservation made by the United Kingdom at the time of the extension of the Convention to Tonga, and retained by Tonga:

"... in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention that, in respect of each of the above-named territories, the United Kingdom reserves the right, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1 of the Convention, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile."

Furthermore, Tonga made the following reservation:

"In accordance with Article 10 of the Convention, Tonga reserves the right, in respect of this territory, not to recognize testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances by one of its nationals possessing no other nationality."

Turkey Articles Reservations

(Translation)
The Republic of Turkey reserves 1. the right in accordance with Article 9, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile;
2. the right in accordance with Article 10, not to recognize testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by one of its nationals possessing no other nationality;
3. the right in accordance with Article 12, to exclude from the application of the present Convention any testamentary clauses which, under its laws, do not relate to matters of succession.

Ukraine Articles Reservations

1. According to Article 9 of the Convention Ukraine reserves the right to dertermine domicile of the testator according to law on the court (lex fori).
2. In accordance with Article 10 of the Convention Ukraine reserves the right not to recognize wills made by citizens of Ukraine orally except under exceptional circumstances.
3. According to Article 12 of the Convention Ukraine reserves the right not to apply the present Convention to any provisions of wills that under the legislation of Ukraine are not related to inheritance.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Articles Declarations Reservations

"In accordance with the provisions of Article 9 of the present Convention, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby reserves its rights, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile."

Extension of the Convention to former British territories* on 16 December 1964 (the Convention entered into force for these territories on 14 February 1965):

Antigua •
Basutoland •
Brunei •
Dominica ••
Fiji •
Gambia ••
Grenada •
the New Hebrides •• (as fas as the jurisdiction of the British National Court is concerned)
Saint Christopher, Nevis ••
Seychelles ••
Tonga •

and on the dates indicated to:

Barbados •• on 9 March 1965 (entered into force on 8 May 1965)
British Guyana •• on 9 March 1965 (entered into force on 8 May 1965)
Mauritius**• 21 December 1965 (entered into force on 19 February 1966)
Saint Lucia •• 14 March 1966 (entered into force on 13 May 1966)
Saint Vincent •• 14 June 1966 (entered into force on 13 August 1966)
Swaziland • 23 March 1967 (entered into force on 22 May 1967)
Hong Kong ••• 24 June 1968 (entered into force on 23 August 1968)

* With the following reservation: "... in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention that, in respect of each of the above-named territories, the United Kingdom reserves the right, in derogation of the third paragraph of Article 1 of the Convention, to determine in accordance with the lex fori the place where the testator had his domicile."

** With the following reservation: "Furthermore, in accordance with Article 10 of the Convention, the United Kingdom reserves the right, in respect of this territory, not to recognise testamentary dispositions made orally, save in exceptional circumstances, by one of its nationals possessing no other nationality."

• This country achieved independence and declared that it considers itself bound by the Convention or acceded to the Convention (see infra under other States).

•• This country achieved independence. No declaration has been made on the continuation in force of the Convention. Date of independence: Dominica became the Commonwealth of Dominica (3 November 1978); Gambia (18 February 1965); New Hebrides became the Republic of Vanuatu (30 July 1980); Saint Christopher and Nevis became Saint Kitts and Nevis (19 September 1983); Seychelles (29 June 1976); Barbados (30 November 1966); British Guyana became the Republic of Guyana (26 May 1966); Saint Lucia (22 February 1979); Saint Vincent became Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (27 October 1979).

••• On 1 July 1997, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland restored Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China. See under "CHINA, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region".