Declarations
Reservations

Articles: 34,54

Pursuant to Article 34, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Republic of Estonia notifies that the requests under paragraph 1 of the same article shall be communicated to the authorities of the Republic of Estonia only through its Central Authority.

Pursuant to Article 60, paragraph 1, of the Convention, the Republic of Estonia makes a reservation provided for in Article 54 that any communication sent to the Central Authority of the Republic of Estonia shall be in the original language, and shall be accompanied by a translation into English.

17-05-2005
Articles 23, 26 and 52 of the Convention allow Contracting Parties a degree of flexibility in order to apply a simple and rapid regime for the recognition and enforcement of judgments. The Community rules provide for a system of recognition and enforcement which is at least as favourable as the rules laid down in the Convention. Accordingly, a judgment given in a Court of a Member State of the European Union, in respect of a matter relating to the Convention, shall be recognised and enforced in Estonia by application of the relevant internal rules of Community law.

12-07-2012
The Republic of Estonia declares, pursuant to Article 52, paragraph 1 of the Convention, that the rules on applicable law of the Convention shall take precedence over the rules of the Agreement between the Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Poland on granting legal assistance and legal relatonships in civil, labour and criminal matters, signed in Tallin on November 27, 1998.

04-03-2014
The Republic of Estonia declares, pursuant to Article 52, paragraph 1 of the Convention, that the rules on applicable law of this Convention shall take precedence over the rules of the Agreement between the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Lithuania on Legal Assistance and Legal Relationships, signed in Tallinn on 11 November 1992.

30-04-2019
Estonia takes note of the Declarations submitted by Ukraine on 16 October 2015 regarding the application of the Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents (1961), the Convention on the service abroad of judicial and extrajudicial documents in civil or commercial matters (1965), the Convention on the taking of evidence abroad in civil or commercial matters (1970) and the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child
Abduction (1980) and the Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children (1996) to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol and of the Declarations submitted by the Russian Federation on 19 July 2016 in relation to the Declarations made by Ukraine.

In relation to the Declarations made by the Russian Federation, Estonia declares, in line with the conclusions of the European Council of 20/21 March 2014, that it does not recognise the illegal referendum in Crimea and the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol to the Russian Federation.

As regards the territorial scope of the above Conventions, Estonia therefore considers that the conventions in principle continue to apply to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol as part of the territory of Ukraine.

Estonia further notes the Declaration by Ukraine that the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol are temporarily not under the control of Ukraine and that the application and implementation by Ukraine of its obligations under the Conventions is limited and not guaranteed in relation to this part of Ukraine's territory, and that only the central authorities of Ukraine in Kyiv will determine the procedure for relevant communication.

As a consequence of the above, Estonia declares that it will not engage in any direct communication or interaction with authorities in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol and will not accept any documents or requests emanating from such authorities or through the authorities of the Russian Federation, but will only engage with the central authorities of Ukraine in Kyiv for the purposes of the application and implementation of the conventions.