The Convention of 2 July 2019 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters (HCCH 2019 Judgments Convention) facilitates the effective international circulation of judgments in civil or commercial matters. By setting forth commonly accepted conditions for recognition and enforcement—and agreed grounds for refusal—the Convention provides legal certainty and predictability to parties involved in cross-border transactions, providing clarity as to whether and to what extent a judgment will be recognised and enforced in another jurisdiction. By ensuring the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, the Convention enhances access to justice by reducing legal timeframes, costs and risks in cross-border circumstances. The Convention generally strengthens a positive national and international environment for multilateral trade, investment, and mobility.

This specialised section contains a range of information on the Convention, including its full text, current status and explanatory documents.