Russian Federation - Central Authority & practical information

Central Authority(ies):

The Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation

Contact details:
Address: The Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
ul.Zhitnaya, 14
Moscow, 119991
Russian Federation
Telephone: +7 (495) 955-59-99
+7 (495) 677-09-15
Fax: +7 (495) 677-06-87
E-mail: -
General website:
Contact person: Julietta Arzumanyan
Expert, Division of Legal Aid, Department of International Law and Cooperation
Tel.: +7 (495) 677-09-16
Languages spoken by staff: Russian, English

Practical Information:
(The following information was provided by the relevant State authorities or was obtained from the reply to to a Questionnaire prepared by the Permanent Bureau in connection with a Seminar on the Service Convention held in Saint Petersburg in 2007)

Forwarding authorities
(Art. 3(1)):

- Federal courts (the Constitution Court of the Russian Federation; the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation; the supreme courts of Republics, the courts of Krai (Territory) and Oblast (Region), the courts of cities of federal importance (Moscow and St. Petersburg), the courts of Autonomous Oblast and Autonomous Okrug, regional courts, military and specialized courts, which form the system of federal courts of common jurisdiction; The Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of Okrug (arbitration cassation courts), arbitration appellate courts, arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, which form the system of federal arbitration courts), constitutional (charter) courts and Justices of the Peace of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
- Federal bodies of executive power and bodies of executive power of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
- The Procurator's Office of the Russian Federation;
- Civilian registry offices;- Notaries and other officials authorised to perform notary functions;
- Guardianship and trusteeship bodies;
- Members of advocacy.

Click here to read all the declarations made by the Russian Federation under the Service Convention.

Methods of service
(Art. 5(1)(2)):

Legal assistance within the Russian Federation is provided in accordance with the rules of the Code of Civil Procedure and the Code of Arbitration Procedure of the Russian Federation which regulate, respectively, procedural aspects of operation of the general jurisdiction courts and arbitration courts in the Russian Federation. Writs of summons or other notices are delivered by mail or by a person who was instructed by the judge to deliver the same. The time of their service on the addressee is documented by means used for that purpose by postal offices or is specified in a document to be returned to the court. A writ of summons addressed to an individual is served on him/her personally against his/her signature affixed to the summons stub which should be returned to the court. A writ of summons addressed to an entity is served on a respective official who should sign the summons stub to confirm the receipt of the writ of summons. Should the addressee refuse to accept the writ of summons or another court notice, the person delivering or serving the same makes a respective note on the writ of summons or the court notice which is then returned to the court. The addressee who has refused to accept the writ of summons or another court notice is deemed to have been notified of the place, date, and time of a respective court proceeding or another particular proceeding. In practice, requests are executed by means of the court summoning the addressee to hand respective documents over to him/her against his/her signature. The court which has directly considered a request draws up a certificate confirming that the documents have been served or setting out the reasons which have prevented execution of the request. Documents drawn up in connection with execution of the request are sent to the Russian CA to be further sent to the requesting authority.

Russian courts assist the applicants in completing documents as provided for by national procedural laws.

The Russian CA has not received any requests for service using a "particular method".

Translation requirements
(Art. 5(3)):

Pursuant to Article 5(3) of the Convention documents to be served within the territory of the Russian Federation shall only be accepted if they have been written in, or translated into the Russian language.

Click here to read all the declarations made by the Russian Federation under the Service Convention.

Costs relating to execution of the request for service
(Art. 12):

The Russian Federation assumes that in accordance with Article 12 of the Convention the service of judicial documents coming from a Contracting State shall not give rise to any payment or reimbursement of taxes or costs for the services rendered by the State addressed. Collection of such costs (with the exception of those provided for by subparagraphs a) and b) of the second paragraph of Article 12) by any Contracting State shall be viewed by the Russian Federation as refusal to uphold the Convention in relation to the Russian Federation, and, consequently, the Russian Federation shall not apply the Convention in relation to this Contracting State.

Click here to read all the declarations made by the Russian Federation under the Service Convention.

Time for execution of request: 3-6 months
Judicial officers, officials or other competent persons (Art. 10(b)): Service of documents by methods listed in Article 10 of the Convention is not permitted in the Russian Federation.
Oppositions and declarations
(Art. 21(2)):

Click here to read all the declarations made by the Russian Federation under the Service Convention.

Art. 8(2): Opposition
Art. 10(a): Opposition
Art. 10(b): Opposition
Art. 10(c): Opposition
Art. 15(2): Declaration of applicability
Art. 16(3): No declaration of applicability

Derogatory channels (bilateral or multilateral agreements or internal law permitting other transmission channels)
(Arts. 11, 19, 24 and 25)

Information may not be complete or fully updated – please contact the relevant authorities to verify this information.

The Russian Federation is a State party to the CIS [Commonwealth of Independent States] Convention of January 22, 1993 on Legal Assistance and Legal Relations in Civil, Family and Criminal Matters and its Protocol of 6 March 1998.
Bilateral conventions on judicial co-operation: Albania (30 June 1958); Algeria (23 February 1982); Argentina (20 November 2000); Austria (11 March 1970); Azerbaijan (22 December 1992); Bulgaria (19 February 1975); China, People’s Republic of (19 June 1992); Cuba (28 November 1984);  Cyprus (19 January 1984); Czechoslovak Socialist Republic  (12 August 1982); Egypt (23 September 1997); Estonia (26 January 1993), Finland (11 August 1978 with the Protocol of 11 August 1978); France (11 August 1936); Greece (21 May 1981); Hungary (15 July 1958 with the Protocol of 19 October 1971); Italy (25 January 1979); Iran (5 March 1996); Iraq (22 June 1973); Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of (16 December 1957); Kyrgyzstan (14 September 1992); Latvia (3 February 1993); Lithuania (21 July 1992); Moldova (25 February 1993); Mongolia (23 September 1998 with Protocol of 23 September 1988); Poland (16 September 1996); Romania (3 April 1958); Spain (26 October 1990); Tunisia (26 June 1984); United Kingdom (exchange of notes of 17 June and 26 June 1930); United States (22 November 1935); Viet Nam (10 December 1981); Yemen (6 December 1985); Yugoslavia, Federal People’s Republic of (24 February 1962).
Useful links: International Jurisdiction and Co-operation (Arbitration Courts)

(This page was last updated on 18 July 2014)

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