Formal service (Art. 5(1)(a))
Service is effected by sending the document or by handing the document to the addressee.
The most common procedure is service by post. The letter is
accompanied by a receipt of service, which the addressee is required to
sign and return.
Service by electronic means may be used by authorities only, should
this way of service not be deemed inappropriate with respect to the
content of the document to be served or other circumstances.
The content of a document is read to the addressee. The document is
hereafter sent to the addressee. This method can not be used in service
of documents that initiates a proceeding.
The document is sent by post to the addressee's last known address
followed by a notice one day later, stating that the document has been
sent. Evidence of reception or receipt is thus not required. Simplified
service can only be used if the authority has informed the addressee
that this way of serving may be used in the proceedings.
Special service on a legal entity:
In certain circumstances a document can be served on a legal entity
by sending it to its registered office followed by a notice one day
later, stating that the document has been sent.
Service by a process server:
Personal service is effected by a process server or other appointed officials e.g. a police officer or bailiff.
Substituted service may be carried out in certain circumstances. The
document is then handed to someone other than the addressee, for example
an adult member of the addressee's household or his/her employer.
If there is reason to believe that a person is acting to avoid being
served and no other person can be served (substituted service), the
document may under certain circumstances be left at the addressee's
Service by proclamation:
Service by proclamation may be carried out under certain
circumstances. The document is made available at the offices of the
authority or the court and at the same time it is notified and a summary
of the document is published on the website of the gazette Post och
Inrikes tidningar and, if there is a reason for it, also in a local