|Formal Service (Art. 5(1)(a))
In all provinces and territories in Canada, with the exception of the province of Québec, the term "service" covers both service and "notification".
For service requests transmitted to a Canadian Central Authority under Article 5(1)(a), service will be effected using the same methods as would be used to serve judicial documents for proceedings in the Central Authority's jurisdiction.
The normal procedure for service in Canada is personal service made by a process server in Alberta, a huissier in Québec, an enforcement officer of the Ministry of the Attorney General in Ontario or a sheriff or deputy sheriff elsewhere in Canada, on an individual or on a corporation by handing a copy of the document to the individual, or to an officer, director or agent of the corporation at its place of business.
Notification in Québec may be made by delivering the original or certified copy or abstract of the act, document or notice to the person to be notified and obtaining a receipt therefore. It can also be made by registered or certified mail. Notification may be made by regular mail or by any other means of communication where the context does not require the sender to obtain proof of sending.
Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal: Federal Courts Rules, SOR/98-106.
Alberta: Alberta Rules of Court, Alta. Reg. 124/2010.
British Columbia: Supreme Court Civil Rules, B.C. Reg. 168/2009.
Manitoba: Court of Queen's Bench Rules, Man. Reg. 553/88.
New Brunswick: Rules of Court, N.B. Reg. 82-73.
Newfoundland and Labrador: Rules of the Supreme Court, 1986, S.N.L. 1986, c 42, Sch D.
Northwest Territories: Rules of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, N.W.T. Reg. 010-96.
Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia Civil Procedure Rules.
Nunavut: Rules of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, N.W.T. Reg. 010-96.
Ontario: Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194.
Prince Edward Island: Rules of Civil Procedure.
Service: Code of Civil Procedure, R.S.Q., chapter C-25.
Notification: Code of Civil Procedure, R.S.Q., chapter C-25.
Saskatchewan: Queen's Bench Rules.
Yukon: Rules of Court, Y.O.I.C. 2009/65.
Service by a particular method (Art. 5 (1)(b))
Central Authorities in Canada will consider requests for service by a particular method requested by the applicant under 5(1)(b) to the extent that such a method is not inconsistent with the law of their jurisdiction.
Informal delivery (Art. 5(2))
The practice of informal delivery ("par simple remise") of judicial or extrajudicial documents is not known in Canada.