|In all provinces and territories in Canada, with the
exception of the province of Québec, the term "service" covers both
service and "notification".
Service will be effected according to the methods of service
prescribed by the laws in force in each province and territory as
The normal procedure for service in Canada is personal service made
by a process server in Alberta, a huissier in Québec, an enforcement
officer of the Ministry of the Attorney General in Ontario or a sheriff
or deputy sheriff elsewhere in Canada, on an individual or on a
corporation by handing a copy of the document to the individual, or to
an officer, director or agent of the corporation at its place of
Notification in Québec may be made by delivering the original or
certified copy or abstract of the act, document or notice to the person
to be notified and obtaining a receipt therefore. It can also be made by
registered or certified mail. Notification may be made by regular mail
or by any other means of communication where the context does not
require the sender to obtain proof of sending.
Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal: Federal Courts Rules, SOR/98-106.
Alberta: Alberta Rules of Court, Alta. Reg. 124/2010.
British Columbia: Supreme Court Civil Rules, B.C. Reg. 168/2009.
Manitoba: Court of Queen's Bench Rules, Man. Reg. 553/88.
New Brunswick: Rules of Court, N.B. Reg. 82-73.
Newfoundland and Labrador: Rules of the Supreme Court, 1986, S.N.L. 1986, c 42, Sch D.
Northwest Territories: Rules of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, N.W.T. Reg. 010-96.
Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia Civil Procedure Rules.
Nunavut: Rules of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, N.W.T. Reg. 010-96.
Ontario: Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194.
Prince Edward Island: Rules of Civil Procedure.
Service: Code of Civil Procedure, R.S.Q., chapter C-25.
Notification: Code of Civil Procedure, R.S.Q., chapter C-25.
Saskatchewan: Queen's Bench Rules.
Yukon: Rules of Court, Y.O.I.C. 2009/65.
Service by a particular method (Art. 5 (1)(b))
Central Authorities in Canada will consider requests for
service by a particular method requested by the applicant under 5(1)(b)
to the extent that such a method is consistent with the law of their
Informal delivery (Art. 5(2))
The practice of informal delivery ("par simple remise") of judicial or extrajudicial documents is not known in Canada.
Click here to read all the declarations made by Canada under the Service Convention.